HMS Martin (G44)

Casualty List

Ordinary Seaman Thomas Cusack, C/JX317671,

MIA 10th November 1942

Navy: Royal Navy
Type: Destroyer
Class:
Pennant: G 44 
Built by:

M-Class Fleet Destroyer ordered from Vickers Armstrong at Newcastle on 3rd September 1939 under the 1939 Build Programme. The ship was laid down on 23rd October 1039 and was launched on 12th December 1940 as the twelfth ship to carry this name first used in 1651. Build was completed on 4th April 1942 at a cost of 457,512. In March 1942 this destroyer had been adopted in March 1942 by the civil community of Bury, Lancashire after a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign.

Ordered: 3 Sept. 1939
Laid down: 23 Oct, 1939 
Launched: 12 Dec, 1940 
Commissioned: 4 Apr, 1942 
Complement: 190
Lost: 10 Nov, 1942 (Cdr. C.R.P. Thomson, RN., DSO) (37-53'N, 03-57'E). was hit with three torpedoes and sunk by the German submarine U-431 (Dommes). Northeast of Algiers, in above position.161 Officers and men went down with the ship. There were 63 survivors. 
   
History:

B a t t l e   H o n o u r s

 

 ARCTIC 1942 - NORTH AFRICA 1942

 

Details of War Service

 

1 9 4 2

 

March       Contractors trials

 

April          Commissioned for service.

4th            Build completion and commenced Acceptance Trials.

    On completion of trials and stores took .passage to Scapa Flow to

    Work-up with Home Fleet before joining the 17th Destroyer Flotilla.

28th          Deployed with destroyer screen for Home Fleet ships providing

                'Distant Cover' for Russian Convoy PQ15 and the returning Convoy from

                Murmansk.               

               

May

7th           Detached from QP11 after arrival at Rekjavik was deployed with Home

                Fleet.

23rd         Joined Russian Convoy PQ16

26th         Convoy under air and submarine attacks. Sustained damage from near

               misses.

30th         Detached from PQ16 on arrival at Kola Inlet

 

June        Independent passage to UK for repair.

6th          Under repair.

  On completion rejoined Home Fleet

  major Fleet units including US battleship WASHINGTON providing

  'Distant Cover'  passage of Russian Convoy PQ17.

 

July

4th          Remained in area with Fleet units after PQ17 scattered in order to

              provide cover of the return Convoy QP13.

                              

7th          Resumed Home Fleet duties NW Approaches after arrival of QP13 at

              Reykjavik.

20th        Detached with HM Destroyers MARNE, MIDDLETON and BLANKNEY

              to take ammunition and essential stores to replenish stocks in Escorts

              from Convoy PQ17 which were needed before return passage. Sailed

              from Scapa Flow  via Seidisfjord, Iceland. Refuelled on passage from

              Royal Fleet Auxiliary tanker BLACK RANGER.

24th        Arrived at Kola Inlet and returned independently.

 

August    Deployment in NW Approaches in continuation.

13th        Detached with HM Destroyer MARNE to meet US cruiser USS

              TUSCALOOSA and two US Navy destroyers USS RODMAN and USS

              EMMONS which were taking RAF personnel and medical  stores to

              Archangel (Operation EASY UNIT)

15th        Escorted US Navy ships to Archangel for remaining 800 miles of

               journey.

17th        On arrival ships were not allowed to disembark personnel and stores.

              Returned to resume Home Fleet duties.

 

September

9th          Joined Fighting Escort for Russian Convoy PQ18 as destroyer screen

               for HMS SCYLLA with other Home Fleet destroyers.

12th        Detached from PQ18 with HM Destroyers MARNE, METEOR and

              MILNE to  refuel at Lowe Sound, Spitzbergen .

  (Note: HMS SCYLLA also detached with destroyers.)

13th        Rejoined PQ18 with same ships.

17th        Joined returning Convoy QP14 to provide Fighting Escort for passage to

               Loch Ewe.

25th        Detached from OP14 and resumed Home Fleet deployment in NW

              Approaches.

 

October   Nominated for duty in support of allied landings in North Africa

               (0peration TORCH).Took passage to Gibraltar to reinforce Force "H".

 

November

1st          On arrival deployed with HM Battleships DUKE OF YORK, NELSON

               and RODNEY, HM Battle-cruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carriers

               VICTORIOUS, AVENGER, BITER and DASHER, HM Cruisers

               SHEFFIELD and ARGONAUT.

6th           Part of screen for major units in Eastern Task Force to provide cover

               against any attack by Vichy French warships and to give naval gunfire

               support during landings.

7th           Present during assault phase of landings at  Algiers.                         

8th           Deployment with screen for protection of major units in continuation.

10th         Deployed as escort for military convoy during Build-up Phase of

               Operation TORCH.

 

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